High density carbon materials obtained at relatively low temperature by spark plasma sintering of carbon nanofibers

Autores UPV
Revista International Journal of Materials Research (formerly Zeitschrift fuer Metallkunde)


The aim of present work is to study the effect of VC and/or Cr 3C 2 in densification, microstructural development and mechanical behavior of nanocrystalline WC-12wt.%Co powders when they are sintered by spark plasma sintering (SPS) and hot isostatic pressing (HIP). The results were compared to those corresponding to conventional sintering in vacuum. The density, microstructure, X-ray diffraction, hardness and fracture toughness of the sintered materials were evaluated. Materials prepared by SPS exhibits full densification at lower temperature (1100 °C) and a shorter stay time (5 min), allowing the grain growth control. However, the effect of the inhibitors during SPS process is considerably lower than in conventional sintering. Materials prepared by HIP at 1100 °C and 30 min present full densification and a better control of microstructure in the presence of VC. The added amount of VC allows obtaining homogeneous microstructures with an average grain size of 120 nm. The hardness and fracture toughness values obtained were about 2100 HV 30 and close to 10 MPa m 1/2, respectively. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.