Arginine decarboxylase expression, polyamines biosynthesis and reactive oxygen species during organogenic nodule formation in hop

Autores UPV
Revista Plant Signaling and Behaviour


Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) is an economically important plant species used in beer production and as a health-promoting medicine. hop internodes develop upon stress treatments organogenic nodules which can be used for genetic transformation and micropropagation.Polyamines are involved in plant development and stress responses. arginine decarboxylase (aDc; ec 4·1.1·19) is a key enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of putrescine in plants. here we show that aDc protein was increasingly expressed at early stages of hop internode culture (12 h). Protein continued accumulating until organogenic nodule formation after 28 days, decreasing thereafter. The same profile was observed for/ADC transcript suggesting transcriptional regulation of ADC gene expression during morphogenesis. The highest transcript and protein levels observed after 28 days of culture were accompanied by a peak in putrescine levels. Reactive oxygen species accumulate in nodular tissues probably due to stress inherent to in vitro conditions and enhanced polyamine catabolism. conjugated polyamines increased during plantlet regeneration from nodules suggesting their involvement in plantlet formation and/or in the control of free polyamine levels.Immunogold labeling revealed that aDc is located in plastids, nucleus and cytoplasm of nodular cells. In vacuolated cells, aDc immunolabelling in plastids doubled the signal of proplastids in meristematic cells. Location of aDc in different subcellular compartments may indicate its role in metabolic pathways taking place in these compartments.Altogether these data suggest that polyamines play an important role in organogenic nodule formation and represent a progress towards understanding the role played by these growth regulators in plant morphogenesis. © 2011 Landes Bioscience.