Enhancement of the catalytic activity of supported gold nanoparticles for the fenton reaction by light

Autores UPV


Laser flash photolysis of supported gold nanopar-ticles exciting at the surface plasmon band (532 nm) has allowed in the case of Au/CeO 2 and Au/OH-npD (OH-npD: Fenton-treated diamond nanoparticles) detection of transients decaying in the microsecond time scale that have been attributed as indicating photoinduced electron ejection from gold based on N 2O quenching and the observation of the generation of methyl viologen radical cations. This photochemical behavior has led us to hypothesize that there could be assistance to the catalytic activity of these materials by irradiation in those cases wherein the mechanism involves electron transfer to or from a substrate to the gold. This hypothesis has been confirmed by observing that the catalytic activity of Au/OH-npD for the Fenton degradation of phenol with hydrogen peroxide can be increased over 1 order of magnitude by irradiation at 532 nm. Moreover, there is a linear relationship between the initial reaction rate and the incident photon flux. This photoenhancement allows promoting Fenton activity at pH 8 in which the catalytic activity of Au/OH-npD is negligible. The same photo enhancement activity for the Fenton degradation of phenol was observed for other supported gold catalysts including those that do not exhibit microsecond transients in the nanosecond laser flash photolysis (Au/TiO 2 and Au/SiO 2) due to their lifetime shorter than microseconds. It is proposed that the photo enhancement should be a general phenomenon in gold catalysis for those reaction mechanisms involving positive and/or negative gold species. © 2011 American Chemical Society.