Wind park reliable energy production based on a hydrogen compensation system. Part I: Technical viability

Autores UPV
Revista International Journal of Hydrogen Energy


Power production from renewable energy resources is increasing day by day. In the case of Spain, in 2009, it represents the 26.9% of installed power and 20.1% of energy production. Wind energy has the most important contribution of this production. Wind generators are greatly affected by the restrictive operating rules of electricity markets because, as wind is naturally variable, wind generators may have serious difficulties on submitting accurate generation schedules on a day ahead basis, and on complying with scheduled obligations. Weather forecast systems have errors in their predictions depending on wind speed. Thus, if wind energy becomes an important actor in the energy production system, these fluctuations could compromise grid stability. In this study technical and economical viability of a large scale compensation system based on hydrogen is investigated, combining wind energy production with a biomass gasification system. Combination of two systems has synergies that improve final results. In the economical study, it is considered that all hydrogen production that is not used to compensate wind energy could be sold to supply the transportation sector. © 2011, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.