Influence of nozzle geometry on ignition and combustion for high-speed direct injection diesel engines under cold start conditions

Autores UPV
Revista FUEL


Starting at low temperatures (below 0 °C) is an important issue for current and near future diesel engine technology. Low ambient temperature causes long cranking periods or complete misfiring in small diesel engines and, as a consequence, an increased amount of pollutant emissions. This paper is devoted to study the influence of nozzle geometry on ignition and combustion progression under glow-plug aided cold start conditions. This study has been carried out in an optically accessible engine adapted to reproduce in-cylinder conditions corresponding to those of a real engine during start at low ambient temperature. The cold start problem can be divided in two parts in which nozzle geometry has influence: ignition and main combustion progress. Ignition probability decreases if fuel injection velocity is increased or if the amount of injected mass per orifice is reduced, which is induced by nozzles with smaller hole diameter or higher orifice number, respectively. Combustion rates increase when using nozzles which induce a higher momentum, improving mixture conditions. For these reasons, the solution under these conditions necessarily involves a trade-off between ignition and combustion progress. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.