Double-template fabrication of three-dimensional porous nickel electrodes for hydrogen evolution reaction

Autores UPV


Three-dimensional (3D) porous nickel structures were fabricated via a double-template electrochemical deposition process. The construction of the foam structures was achieved by means of a hydrogen bubble dynamic template, prepared from Cu electrodeposition at high current densities. Subsequently, a Ni layer was electrodeposited on the Cu 3D template. During the nickel coating, the typical finger-like microstructure of the Cu foam becomes denser and changes to a cauliflower microstructure. The hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) on these macroporous Ni electrodes was evaluated in 30 wt.% KOH solution by means of polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Results demonstrate greater apparent activity of the developed electrodes towards HER in comparison with commercial smooth Ni electrode. The 3D porous Ni electrocatalyst obtained from Cu templates synthesized at the lowest current density and the highest electrodeposition time yielded the best electrochemical activity for HER. © 2011, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.