Use chemometric techniques in the optimization of a specific bioassay for betalactams in milk

Autores UPV


Aims: A microbiological bioassay using Geoacillus stearothermophilus was optimized to detect betalactams at concentrations near to the Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs), with low cross-specificity for tetracycline. Methods and Results: A factorial design (3¿4) was used to evaluate the effects of concentration of spores (2·0¿10 6, 4·0¿10 6 and 8·0¿10 6 spores ml -1) and incubation time (3·0, 3·5, 4·0 and 4·5h) on the response of the bioassay. Then, desirability function to raise the detection capabilities (CC ß) of tetracyclines and increase sensitivity to betalactams was implemented. Significant effects of Log[S] and incubation time [It] on the CC ß of betalactams and tetracyclines were observed. Finally, high value of global desirability (D=0·853), adequate betalactams CC ß (3·8¿gl -1 of penicillin 'G', 27¿gl -1 of oxacillin, 8·1¿gl -1 of ampicillin, 48¿gl -1 of cloxacillin) and high tetracyclines CC ß (5260¿gl -1 chlortetracycline, 1550¿gl -1 of oxytetracycline, 1070¿gl -1 of tetracycline) were calculated. Conclusions: The application of chemometric tools allows the optimization of a bioassay that detects betalactam residues in milk. The more robust conditions have been achieved in Log[S]=6·30 and [It]=4·20h. Significance and Impact of the Study: The logistic regression model and the desirability function are adequate chemometric techniques to improve the properties of the methods, because it is possible to increase sensitivity and decrease cross-specificity simultaneously. © 2011 The Authors. Letters in Applied Microbiology © 2011 The Society for Applied Microbiology.