Reactive synthesis of Ti-Al intermetallics during microwave heating in an E-field maximum

Autores UPV
Revista Thermochimica Acta


The time-resolved X-ray diffraction synchrotron radiation technique was used in combination with E-field microwave heating to study in situ the kinetics of intermetallic phase formation in the Ti-Al system. The reaction of Ti with Al is triggered by the melting and spreading of Al onto the surface of Ti particles. The tetragonal TiAl 3 phase is the primary reaction product, formed by instantaneous nucleation at the interface between the unreacted Ti cores and the Al melt. The growth of TiAl 3 layers is diffusion-controlled. These preliminary results demonstrate that microwave heating can be used to rapidly synthesise intermetallic phases from high-purity elemental powders. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.