A Broadband Pattern Diversity Annular Slot Antenna

Autores UPV
Revista IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation


An annular slot antenna suitable for pattern diversity in wideband applications is presented. Pattern diversity is obtained by feeding the antenna simultaneously with two microstrip lines printed on the back of the substrate, which generate orthogonal radiation patterns. Two shorts placed at 45° degrees between the microstrip lines and in the opposite direction ensure an isolation above 15 dB according to measurements. The antenna operates in the range of frequencies from 3 GHz to 12 GHz (1:4 bandwidth) and covers many different standards (Wireless-LAN, HIPERLAN2, WIMAX, UWB). Simulations and measurements for return loss, isolation and radiation patterns are presented. Furthermore, measurements have been carried out in a real multipath environment in order to evaluate pattern diversity performance. Results of measurements of the correlation coefficient and diversity gain over the entire operating bandwidth show that the antenna is suitable for antenna diversity systems. © 2006 IEEE.