High-Efficiency Electrodeposition of Large Scale ZnO Nanorod Arrays for Thin Transparent Electrodes

Autores UPV
Revista Journal of The Electrochemical Society


In the present work an effective technique to synthesize large-scale c-axis oriented ZnO nanorod (NR) arrays is presented. The manuscript reports a single-step cathodic electrodeposition, either in aqueous and organic electrolytes, to fill up ultra-thin anodic nanoporous alumina templates. Prior to growing, self-ordered hexagonal array of cylindrical nanopores have been fabricated by anodizing Al thin films previously deposited onto ITOglass substrates. The diameter and the aspect ratio of the vertically aligned nanopores are about 60 nm and 8:1, respectively. The results of this work demonstrate that using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as an electrolyte leads to a growth more homogeneous in shape and crystallinity, and with 60 deposition efficiency - the highest by now in literature. This fact is most probably due to a better infiltration of the alumina nanopores by this electrolyte. SEM and XRD analysis were employed for the study of morphology and crystalline structure of the obtained ZnO NR. These measurements showed furthermore that ZnO nanorod arrays are uniformly embedded into the hexagonally ordered nanopores of the anodic alumina membrane. DMSO proved to be an optimal electrolyte to obtain single-crystalline ZnO NR arrays, highly transparent in visible light range (80 transmittance). © 2011 The Electrochemical Society.