Properties of Biobased Epoxy Resins from Epoxidized Soybean Oil (ESBO) Cured with Maleic Anhydride (MA)

Autores UPV
Año
Revista JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY

Abstract

Epoxidized soybean oil (ESBO), obtained from a renewable resource was used in the production of thermoset resins. Samples of the ESBO were initially treated with maleic anhydride, equal mixture of catalyst (1,3-butanediol anhydrous and benzyldimethylamine) and the mixture was cured for 5 h at different temperatures. After the curing process, the ratio between the ESBO and the anhydride (ratio EEW:AEW) was evaluated in terms of the different mechanical properties produced using flexural, Shore D hardness and Charpy impact tests. The sample with the best mechanical properties was that with an EEW:AEW ratio of 1:1.0 which leads to best balanced behavior and this could be representative for the maximum crosslinking degree. Also, thermal characteristics were evaluated during the crosslinking process using differential scanning calorimetry, In addition, other thermal characteristics of the cured materials were obtained by determining the heat deflection temperature and the Vicat softening temperature. The coefficient of thermal expansion was determined using thermo-mechanical analysis. In accordance with the mechanical behavior, the best thermal properties were obtained for samples with an EEW:AEW ratio of 1:1.0. As a result of this work, a biologically based epoxy resin with good mechanical properties and flexibility was obtained. © AOCS 2012.