Design of prestressed concrete precast road bridges with hybrid simulated annealing

Autores UPV


This paper describes one approach to the analysis and design of prestressed concrete precast road bridges, with double U-shaped cross-section and isostatic spans. The procedure used to solve the combinatorial problem is a variant of simulated annealing with a neighborhood move based on the mutation operator from the genetic algorithms (SAMO). This algorithm is applied to the economic cost of these structures at different stages of manufacturing, transportation and construction. The problem involved 59 discrete design variables for the geometry of the beam and the slab, materials in the two elements, as well as active and passive reinforcement. The parametric study showed a good orrelation for the cost, geometric and reinforcement characteristics with the span length, which can be useful for the day-to-day design of PC precast bridges. A cost sensitivity analysis first indicates that a maximum 20% rise in steel costs leads to an 11.82% increase in the cost, while a 20% rise in concrete costs increases the cost up to 4.20%, namely 2.8 times less. The analysis also indicated that the characteristics of the cost-optimized bridges are somewhat influenced by different economic scenarios for steel and concrete costs. Finally, there is a growth in the volume of concrete when the steel cost rises; surprisingly, the variation in the volume of concrete is almost insensitive to its rising price.