Improving consistency in AHP decision-making processes

Autores UPV
Revista Applied Mathematics and Computation


Decision making in engineering is becoming increasingly complex due to the large number of alternatives and multiple conflicting goals. Powerful decision-support expert systems powered by suitable software are increasingly necessary. In this paper, the multiple attribute decision method known as analytical hierarchy process (AHP), which uses pairwise comparisons with numerical judgments, is considered. Since judgments may lack a minimum level of consistency, mechanisms to improve consistency are necessary. A method to achieve consistency through optimisation is described in this paper. This method has the major advantage of depending on just n decision variables ¿ the number of compared elements ¿ and so is less computationally expensive than other optimisation methods, and can be easily implemented in virtually any existing computer environment. The proposed approach is exemplified by considering a simplified version of one of the most important problems faced by water supply managers, namely, the minimisation of water loss.