Strong Organic Bases as Building Blocks of Mesoporous Hybrid Catalysts for C¿C Forming Bond Reactions

Autores UPV
Revista European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry


1,8-Bis(tetramethylguanidino)naphthalene (TMGN), a neutral organic base that combines the properties of guanidine and the properties of proton sponges, was used as a building block to produce organic¿inorganic silica-based mesoporous hybrids with strong basic properties. The TMGN-based mesoporous hybrids (TMGN/SiO2) were prepared by a sol¿ gel route working at a neutral pH and low temperatures, which avoided the use of SDAs. TMGN has been modified in order to have two terminal reactive silyl groups able to perform co-condensation with a conventional organosilane (TMOS) used as a silicon source. This synthesis has allowed us to directly introduce the unmodified, functionalized TMGN as part of the walls of the mesoporous silica by a onepot synthesis. TMGN/SiO2 hybrid materials present excellent catalytic properties for C¿C bond forming reactions: Knoevenagel, Henry (nitroaldol), and Claisen¿Schmidt condensations. The activity of the hybrid materials is higher than that of the counterpart homogeneous catalyst.