Numerical Estimation of Stresses in Railway Axles Using a Train-Track Interaction Model

Autores UPV


The fatigue design of railway axles requires that the stresses arising in the axle in real service are accurately quantified. This paper describes a method to compute the dynamic stresses arising in railway axles as the effect of train¿track interaction, based on the numerical simulation of the dynamic interaction between a flexible wheelset and a flexible track. The wheelset is modelled as a flexible rotating body using an Eulerian approach, whereas track is regarded as an infinite periodic system with the rail modelled as a Timoshenko beam resting on discrete elastic supports, considering the inertia associated with the sleepers. The paper presents an application of the proposed procedure to the calculation of the dynamic stresses caused in the axle by different types of geometric imperfection occurring on the wheel and rail surfaces, considering the cases of a single harmonic rail corrugation, random rail roughness and a wheelflat.