Recovery of recycled acrylonitrile¿butadiene¿styrene, through mixing with styrene¿ethylene/butylene¿styrene

Autores UPV
Revista Journal of Materials Processing Technology


Recovery of recycled acrylonitrile¿butadiene¿styrene (ABS) through mixing with styrene¿ethylene/butylene¿styrene (SEBS) has been studied in this paper. To simulate recycled ABS, virgin ABS was processed through 5 cycles, at extreme processing temperatures, 220 ◦C and 260 ◦C. The virgin ABS, the virgin SEBS, the recycled ABS and the mixtures were mechanically, thermally and rheologically characterized after the various cycles of reprocessing in order to evaluate their corresponding properties and correlate them with the number of cycles undergone. With these data and using Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) the injection process was simulated by obtaining the optimal injection process parameters. Mixtures were injected at two temperatures in a sensorised mold correlating the shrinkage of the parts with temperature. The results show that tensile strength of ABS remains practically constant as the number of reprocessing cycles increases, while in the material injected with SEBS the tensile strength decreases. Concerning the Charpy notched impact strength; the values of the ABS reprocessed at 220 ◦C remain more or less unchanged, while the values for 260 ◦C show a significant decrease. The adhesion of the SEBS causes, in both cases, an increase in impact strength. DSC techniques enabled us to observe how the glass transition temperature (Tg) remains more or less constant regardless of the number of cycles or the temperature, whereas the crosslinking is much greater in the samples reprocessed at 260 ◦C. Finally, the viscosity decreases with each cycle and this decrease becomes even more noticeable with the addition of SEBS, and also that the parts molded at lower temperatures have less shrinkage.