Effects of chitosan on the physicochemical and antimicrobial properties of PLA films

Autores UPV
Revista Journal of Food Engineering


Films based on polylactic acid (PLA) and different amounts of chitosan powder (CH), were prepared by extrusion. The effects of CH particle size (715 and 180 μm) and the amount of chitosan incorporated in the PLA matrix (5% or 10% on PLA basis) were investigated in terms of physicochemical characteristics and antimicrobial activity of the films. The incorporation of CH particles led to less rigid and less stretchable films. Thermal properties of PLA were not affected by chitosan addition. Water vapor permeability of the composite films was higher than pure PLA films. PLA:CH composite showed significant antimicrobial activity against total aerobial and coliform microorganisms, especially when the particle size of CH was reduced.