Kinetic and Compositional Study of Phenolic Extraction from Olive Leaves (var.Serrana) by Using Power Ultrasound

Autores UPV
Año
Revista Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies

Abstract

Power ultrasound is being used as a novel technique for process intensification. In this study, the feasibility of using power ultrasound to improve the phenolic extraction from olive leaves was approached taking both compositional and kinetic issues into account and also determining the influence of the main process parameters (the electric power supplied, emitter surface and temperature). For this purpose, the extraction kinetics were monitored by measuring the total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity and mathematically described by Naik's model, and HPLC¿DAD/MS¿MS was used to identify and quantify the main polyphenols. The electric power supplied and the emitter surface greatly affected the effective ultrasonic power applied to the medium, and hence the extraction rate. However, the influence of temperature on ultrasound assisted extraction was not clear. Compared with conventional extraction, ultrasound assisted extraction reduced the extraction time from 24 h to 15 min and did not modify the extract composition. Industrial relevance: Olive crop produces a significant quantity of byproducts (leaves, branches, solid and liquid wastes), coming from the tree pruning, fruit harvest and oil production, which are rich in phenolic compounds with bioactive properties. The extraction of the bioactive compounds could be an interesting option with which to increase the value of these byproducts, as it requires efficient extraction techniques in order to reduce processing costs and improve productivity. In this sense, ultrasound assisted extraction is considered a novel technique used as ameans of intensifying a slow process, such as the leaching of polyphenols fromvegetablematrices. In order to further address the industrial applications of ultrasound assisted extraction, a kinetic study should be carried out determining both the effective energy introduced into the medium, as well as its influence on the extract quality.