Sound diffusers based on sonic crystals

Autores UPV
Año
Revista JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA

Abstract

A sound diffuser is proposed based on sonic crystals, structures formed by a periodic distribution of cylindrical scatterers in a host medium, which is usually air. The diffuser is a so-called biperiodic structure, as formed by two arrays of sonic crystals with slightly different periodicities. Large diffusivity at low frequencies is achieved when the typical scale of the blocks is much larger than the periodicity of the crystals, determined by its lattice constant. An interpretation of the low frequency behavior of the diffuser is given in the homogenization limit in terms of multiple reflections and interference between the fields scattered by the different blocks. It is also shown that sonic crystal based diffusers enhance time spreading in comparison with other conventional diffusers.