Mechanical and physical performance of low alkalinity cementitious composites reinforced with recycled cellulose pulp from cement Kraft bags

Autores UPV
Revista Industrial Crops and Products


The objective of this work was to study the addition of cellulosic pulp in low alkalinity cement composites as well as its mechanical behavior under bending stresses before and after accelerated aging cycles.The cellulosic pulp was obtained from recycled Portland cement kraft bags used for packaging. Lowalkaline cementitious matrices were tested, reducing from 80 to 85% the content of Portland cement, inorder to reduce the use of the conventional raw materials, energy cost and mainly to avoid a possiblealkaline degradation of the cellulosic pulps. The cement matrix resulted from the ternary blend Portlandcement¿gypsum¿pozzolan (fly ash or catalytic cracking catalyst residue), with 50% by weight of gypsumand different percentages by weight of pozzolans. These composites were prepared in the laboratory usinga slurry vacuum dewatering followed by pressing technique. The four point-bending tests were carriedout to evaluate the mechanical behavior of the low alkalinity cementitious composites and compositewithout pozzolans at 28 days and after soak and dry accelerated aging tests. The low alkaline cementcomposites presented average values of modulus of rupture about 10 MPa after the aging cycles, with theindication that its flexural strength was not significantly affected by the degradation tests. In addition, theaverage values of specific energy of these composites were also acceptable after 100 soak and dry cyclesas compared to the composites with the Portland cement plain matrix. These results suggest that theuse of low alkalinity ternary binder system can be an effective contribution in order to avoid the severedamage on cellulosic fibers (which occurred when traditional pure Portland cement matrix is applied).