Performance characterization of a PCM storage tank

Autores UPV
Revista Applied Energy


This paper presents the experimental results of a versatile latent heat storage tank capable of working with organic phase-change materials within a temperature range from -10 °C to 100 °C. The tank contains a paraffin with a phase-change temperature between 3 °C and 8 °C. Firstly, this study focuses on explaining the design criteria which were followed to build the tank. Secondly, a full experimental characterization of the performance has been carried out. The enthalpy¿temperature curve, the specific heat and density have been measured for the tested paraffin. The performance of the tank has been analyzed in terms of the vertical stratification within the PCM, the effectiveness, the reacted fraction and the total heat transfer of the tank. The results indicate that up to 78% of the maximum capacity is reached within 4 h. The performance is mainly controlled by the supply temperature and the effect of the mass flow rate is almost negligible given that all the tests are in laminar flow.