Pulse and potentiostatic electrodeposition of CuInSe2 films on gold coated alumina substrates

Autores UPV
Año
Revista Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

Abstract

CuInSe2 thin films were deposited on goldcoated alumina electrodes using constant and pulsed potential signals. In situ electrochemical measurements were recorded with an atomic force microscope to follow CuInSe2 electrodeposition. The electrodeposited films were characterized employing scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, grazing incidence X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. The best stoichiometry is attained for films deposited at pulsed potentials of -0.7 V. These films are also the most compact, showing a homogeneous morphology. In contrast, potentiostatic films presented minor variations in their chemical composition with the deposition potential. The morphology presented porous coral-like structures. X-ray and Raman spectroscopy analysis of as-deposited films by either technique reveal the presence of secondary phases such as CuxSe and Se, especially at the most positive deposition potentials. After a thermal treatment at 500 "C in Se vapor, the crystallinity of the material is significantly enhanced and no secondary phases are present.