Influence of Temperature, Air Velocity, and Ultrasound Application on Drying Kinetics of Grape Seeds

Autores UPV


The objective of this work was to determine the influence of temperature, air velocity, and ultrasound application on the drying kinetics of grape seeds. The drying kinetics were determined at 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 3.0 m/s and at 40, 50, 60, and 70C. At 1.0 and 1.5 m/s, the experiments were carried out with and without ultrasound application. To establish the influence of the variables on the drying kinetics, the results were modeled by means of both the Peleg and a diffusion model. The activation energy was determined (Arrhenius¿ equation). For an air velocity of over 1.5 m/s, it was determined that the external resistance to mass transfer was negligible. No influence of ultrasound application was observed, probably due to the fact that grape seeds are very hard and have a low level of porosity.