Automatizing the broken bar detection process via Short Time Fourier Transform and two-dimensional Piecewise Aggregate Approximation representation

Autores UPV
Año
CONGRESO Automatizing the broken bar detection process via Short Time Fourier Transform and two-dimensional Piecewise Aggregate Approximation representation

Abstract

This work presents an automated approach for detecting broken rotor bars in induction machines using the stator current during startup operation. The currents are analyzed using the well-known Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT) producing a two-dimensional time-frequency representation. This representation contains information regarding the presence of a characteristic transient component but requires further processing before it can be fed into a standard classification algorithm. In this work, this part is performed using the two dimensional extension of Piecewise Aggregate Approximation (PAA) that can deal with the two dimensional representation of STFT. The results (with both simulated and experimental data) suggest that the method can be used for the automatic detection of broken bars and even for determining the fault severity. Moreover, its low computational burden makes it ideal for its future use in online, unsupervised systems, as well as in portable condition monitoring devices.