Study of the Influence of Adding Styrene¿Ethylene/Butadiene¿Styrene in Acrylonitrile¿Butadiene¿Styrene and Polyethylene Blends

Autores UPV
Año
Revista POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE

Abstract

This work studies the recovery of two grades of acrylonitrile¿butadiene¿styrene (ABS) contaminated with low-density polyethylene (LDPE), by adding styrene¿ethylene/butadiene¿styrene (SEBS). To simulate contaminated ABS, virgin ABS was mixed with 1, 2, 4, and 8% of LDPE and then extruded at 220°C. After this, the ABS with the highest percentage of LDPE (8%) was mixed with 1, 2, 4, and 8% of SEBS and then extruded. Different blends were mechanically, rheologically, optically, and dimensionally characterized to study how different percentages of LDPE and SEBS modify their properties. The results obtained show how the tensile strength, Young modulus, elongation, and impact strength linearly decrease as the LDPE amount increases, for both natural and black ABS. Through the addition of SEBS to contaminated ABS, it is possible to improve its impact strength and elongation values nearly to those of virgin ABS. However, its tensile strength and Young modulus show no improvement, and even show a slight reduction. Regarding the rheological properties, the LDPE contamination in ABS causes a remarkable decrease in viscosity, and adding SEBS to the blend lowers its viscosity even further for both natural and black grades. This reduction is not a negative aspect, but rather quite the reverse, as the more fluid the material, the easier the mold injection process becomes. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 54:1313¿1324, 2014. © 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers