MODELLING DECISION MAKING IN THE MANAGEMENT OF NATIONAL PARKS

Autores UPV
Año
CONGRESO MODELLING DECISION MAKING IN THE MANAGEMENT OF NATIONAL PARKS

Abstract

A procedure for determining the influential factors in NP management and supporting participatory decision making is proposed. The procedure was applied to the Waraira Repano national park (WRNP) in Venezuela. Key aspects found for the effective management of WRNP showed to be Driving forces like ¿Human population growth¿ or ¿Patterns of use of natural resources¿; Pressures like ¿Forest fires¿ and ¿Illegal human settlements¿; States like ¿Biodiversity composition and abundance¿ and ¿Ecosystem and landscape integrity¿; Impacts like ¿Natural resources depletion¿ or ¿Altered connectivity¿; and Responses like ¿Stakeholders¿ participation¿ or ¿Environmental surveillance¿. Finally, key indicators have been proposed to monitor the evolution of these influential factors. Also, the findings confirm that stakeholders hold different interests, approaches to sustainability and sensitivities. After ANP all stakeholders understand better their interests and the others¿. Thus, an improved participation is obtained and a consensus, or at least general agreements, is more likely. Also a better commitment to the overall objective is achieved as the decision model facilitates improving the alternatives desig