Reduced-Complexity Min-Sum Algorithm for Decoding LDPC Codes with Low Error-Floor

Autores UPV
Año
Revista IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS I-REGULAR PAPERS

Abstract

This paper proposes a low-complexity min-sum algorithm for decoding low-density parity-check codes. It is an improved version of the single-minimum algorithm where the twominimum calculation is replaced by one minimum calculation and a second minimum emulation. In the proposed one, variable correction factors that depend on the iteration number are introduced and the second minimum emulation is simplified, reducing by this way the decoder complexity. This proposal improves the performance of the single-minimum algorithm, approaching to the normalized min-sum performance in the water-fall region. Also, the error-floor region is analyzed for the code of the IEEE 802.3an standard showing that the trapping sets are decoded due to a slow down of the convergence of the algorithm. An error-floor free operation below BER is shown for this code by means of a field-programmable gate array (FPGA)-based hardware emulator. A layered decoder is implemented in a 90-nm CMOS technology achieving 12.8 Gbps with an area of 3.84 mm .