Yogurts with an increased protein content and physically modified starch: rheological, structural, oral digestion and sensory properties related to enhanced satiating capacity

Autores UPV
Año
Revista FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL

Abstract

Protein is the most effective food macronutrient providing a satiating effect. Thus, formulating dairy foods with increased protein contents can help to modulate food intake. Oral perception cues also contribute an increased perception of satiating capacity when the oral residence time and handling are longer and more laborious. In the present work, yogurts were prepared with double skimmed milk powder (MP) and whey protein (WP), as well as a control (C) without extra protein. Three more samples were prepared by adding 2% of a physically modified starch to each (CS, MPS and WPS, respectively), in order to increase the consistency and impart creaminess. Rheological tests were used to characterize the flow and viscoelastic properties of the samples before and after saliva treatment, and their microstructure was observed. Finally the differences in sensory perceptions elicited by the samples were related to consumers' expected satiating capacity and liking scores. Before in vitro oral digestion, MP showed denser areas than C; in WP, two protein networks could be distinguished. In the samples with added starch, starch granules were embedded in the protein networks. After in vitro oral digestion the protein tended to aggregate; the starch granules maintained their structure indicating that they were not broken down by the saliva. These observations were related to the samples' rheological behavior. The sensory graininess, lumpiness and grittiness detected in the WP samples could be linked to the aggregation of whey protein and the formation of two different protein networks. All the added-starch samples elicited creamier and denser sensations than their counterparts without starch. MP with starch was scored as the most satiating and best-liked yogurt sample.