Thermodynamic analysis of a combined organic Rankine cycle and vapor compression cycle system activated with low temperature heat sources using low GWP fluids

Autores UPV
Año
Revista APPLIED THERMAL ENGINEERING

Abstract

A combined organic Rankine cycle and vapor compression cycle (ORC-VCC) system activated by low temperature heat sources was studied. Two low GWP fluids were considered as working fluids for the VCC and two different low GWP fluids for the ORC. System performance was evaluated through computational modeling over different operating conditions. The computed thermal COP of the ORC-VCC system varied between 0.30 and 1.10 over the range of operating conditions studied. The computed electrical COP of the ORC-VCC system, defined as the ratio of the rate of cooling and the ORC pump power consumption, varied between 15 and 110. The choice of VCC working fluid had only a limited influence on system thermal or electrical efficiency, with HFO-1234ze(E) presenting slightly better results. Use of HFO-1336mzz(Z) as the ORC working fluid resulted in slightly higher system thermal efficiencies and significantly higher system electrical efficiencies throughout the range of operating conditions studied. Furthermore, the system is evaluated for a typical application and the feasibility study shows good economical results.