Influence of citric acid on the properties and stability of starch-polycaprolactone based films

Autores UPV


The influence of citric acid (CA) on structural and physicochemical properties of blend films based on corn starch and polycaprolactone (PCL) was studied. Films were obtained by melt blending of starch and PCL and compression molding. Phase separation of polymers observed by scanning electron microscope and atomic force microscope was reduced by CA incorporation. CA affected both starch and PCL crystallization as deduced from the X-ray diffraction patterns and values of melting enthalpy. Glass transition of starch was reduced by PCL incorporation, while this occurred to a greater extent in films containing CA. Obtained results point to enhanced interactions between PCL and starch chains in films with CA, although this only quantitatively benefits the film properties at a low PCL ratio. Compounding starch with small amounts of PCL, using glycerol and CA, can supply films with better functional properties than net starch films.