Effects of nutrition on digestion efficiency and gaseous emissions from slurry in growing pigs: III. Influence of varying the dietary level of calcium soap of palm fatty acids distillate with or without orange pulp supplementation

Autores UPV


The aim of this study was to establish the relationships between faecal fat concentration and gaseous emissions from pig slurry. Five diets were designed to meet essential nutrient requirements: a control and four experimental feeds including two levels (35 or 70g/kg) of calcium soap fatty acids distillate (CSP) and 0 or 200g/kg of orange pulp (OP) combined in a 2¿2 factorial structure. Thirty growing pigs (six per treatment) were used to measure dry matter (DM) and N balance, coefficients of total tract apparent digestibility (CTTAD) of nutrients, faecal and urine composition and potential emissions of ammonia (NH3) and methane (CH4). Increasing dietary CSP level decreased DM, ether extract (EE) and crude protein (CP) CTTAD (by 4.0, 11.1 and 3.5%, respectively, P <0.05), but did not influence those of fibrous constituents. It also led to a decrease (from 475 to 412g/kg DM, P <0.001) of faecal concentration of neutral detergent fibre (aNDFom) and to an increment (from 138 to 204g/kg, P <0.001) of EE in faecal DM that was related to greater CH4 emissions, both per gram of organic matter (P =0.021) or on a daily basis (P <0.001). Level of CSP did not affect N content in faeces or urine, but increased daily DM (P <0.001), and N (P =0.031) faecal excretion with no effect on urine N excretion. This resulted in lesser (P =0.036) NH3 potential emission per kg of slurry. Addition of OP decreased CTTAD of EE (by 7.9%, P =0.044), but increased (P <0.05) that of all the fibrous fractions. As a consequence, faecal EE content increased (from 165 to 177g/kg DM; P =0.012), and aNDFom decreased greatly (from 483 to 404g/kg DM, P <0.001), which in all resulted in a lack of effect of OP on CH4 potential emission. Inclusion of OP in the diet also led to a significant decrease of CP CTTAD (by 6.85%, P <0.001), and to an increase of faecal CP concentration (from 174 to 226g/kg DM, P <0.001), with no significant influence on urine N content. These effects resulted in higher N faecal losses, especially those of the undigested dietary origin, without significant effects on potential NH3 emission. No significant interactions between CSP and OP supplementation were observed for the gaseous emissions measured.