Analysis of the influence of geometric, modeling and environmental parameters on the fire response of steel bridges subjected to realistic fire scenarios

Autores UPV
Revista Computers & Structures


This paper studies bridge fires by using numerical models to analyze the response of a typical girder bridge to tanker truck fires. It explains the influence of fire position, bridge configuration (vertical clearance, number of spans) and wind speed on the bridge response. Results show that the most damage is caused by tanker fires close to the abutments in single span bridges with minimum vertical clearance and under windless conditions. The paper provides new insights into modeling techniques and proves that bridge response can be predicted by FE models of the most exposed girder, which saves significant modeling and analysis times.