A comprehensive probabilistic solution of random SIS-type epidemiological models using the Random Variable Transformation technique

Autores UPV
Año
Revista Communications in nonlinear science and numerical simulation

Abstract

This paper provides a complete probabilistic description of SIS-type epidemiological models where all the input parameters (contagion rate, recovery rate and initial conditions) are assumed to be random variables. By applying the Random Variable Transformation technique, the first probability density function, the mean and the variance functions as well as confidence intervals associated to the solution of SIS-type epidemiological models are determined under the general hypothesis that the random inputs have any joint probability density function. The distributions to describe the time until a given proportion of the population remains susceptible and infected are also determined. Lastly, a probabilistic description of the so-called basic reproductive number is included. The theoretical results are applied to an illustrative example showing good fitting.