Doped Framework Iron Hydroxyl Phosphate as Photocatalyst for Hydrogen Production from Water/Methanol Mixtures

Autores UPV
Año
Revista European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry

Abstract

In the search for novel photocatalysts for hydrogen prodn. and with the α-​Fe2O3 photoelectrocatalyst as a recent precedent, we report herein the prepn., semiconductor properties and photocatalytic activity of metal-​doped (0.1-​5 wt.-​% loading) iron hydroxyl phosphate (FeP)​. X-​ray diffraction analyses of FeP samples subjected to extended photocatalytic irradn. showed the stability of this framework phosphate under photocatalytic conditions. Doping increased the photocatalytic efficiency of FeP for all dopants, with the optimal doping level between 0.1 and 1 %. Under the optimized conditions (Cr at 1 % doping)​, the photocatalytic activity of FeP reached a hydrogen prodn. rate of 35.82 μmol gFe-​1 in the absence of platinum as co-​catalyst. The conduction flat band potential was estd. by photocurrent measurements or impedance spectroscopy to be 0.1 eV vs. NHE and the charge carrier d. 2.6 ¿ 1020 carriers​/cm3. Transient absorption spectroscopy revealed a transient species decaying on the microsecond timescale characterized by a broad band spanning 300-​750 nm. This transient was attributed to the charge-​sepd. state. These results are promising for the development of novel photocatalytic materials based on framework metal phosphate.