Direct conversion of carboxylic acids (Cn) to alkenes (C2-1) over titanium oxide in absence of noble metals

Autores UPV
Año
Revista JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR CATALYSIS A-CHEMICAL

Abstract

Carbon¿carbon bond formations and deoxygenation reactions are important for biomass up-grading. The classical ketonic decarboxylation of carboxylic acids provides symmetrical ketones with 2n + 1 carbon atoms and eliminates three oxygen atoms. Herein, this reaction is carried out with titanium oxide at 400 ºC, and an olefin with 2n + 1 carbon atoms is obtained instead of the ketone. For olefin formation hydrogen transfer reactions are required from suitable precursors to form aromatics and coke. Additional aldol condensation reactions increase further molecular weight in the product mixture. Hence, a combination of titanium oxide with a hydrodeoxygenation bed provides double amount of diesel fuel as the combination with zirconium oxide when reacting hexose-derived pentanoic acid.