Applying Basic Features from Sentiment Analysis on Automatic Irony Detection

Autores UPV
Revista Lecture Notes in Computer Science


People use social media to express their opinions. Often linguistic devices such as irony are used. From the sentiment analysis perspective such utterances represent a challenge being a polarity reversor (usually from positive to negative). This paper presents an approach to address irony detection from a machine learning perspective. Our model considers structural features as well as, for the first time, sentiment analysis features such as the overall sentiment of a tweet and a score of its polarity. The approach has been evaluated over a set classifiers such as: Naïve Bayes, Decision Tree, Maximum Entropy, Support Vector Machine, and for the first time in irony detection task: Multilayer Perceptron. The results obtained showed the ability of our model to distinguish between potentially ironic and non-ironic sentences.