Annulation of phenols with methylbutenol over MOFs: The role of catalyst structure and acid strength in producing 2,2-dimethylbenzopyran derivatives

Autores UPV
Revista Microporous and Mesoporous Materials


The catalytic behavior of metal-organic frameworks of different structures (Fe(BTC), MIL-100(Fe), MIL-100(Cr) and Cu-3(BTC)(2)) was investigated in annulation reaction between 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol and phenols differing in size (phenol, 2-naphthol). MIL-100(Fe) possessing intermediate Lewis acidity, perfect crystalline structure, and the highest S-BET surface area showed the highest activity (TOF = 0.7 and 1.4h(-1) for phenol and 2-naphthol, respectively) and selectivities to target benzopyran (45% and 65% at 16% of phenol and 2-naphthol conversion, respectively). The increasing strength of Lewis acid centers for MIL-100(Cr) was found to result in the dramatically decreased activity of the catalyst, while negligible conversion of phenols was found over Fe(BTC), characterized by a less ordered framework. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.