Improving energy-efficiency with a green cognitive algorithm to overcome weather¿s impact in 2.4 GHz wireless networks

Autores UPV
Revista Mobile Networks and Applications


The necessity of energy-efficient systems in order to protect our environment, cope with global warming, and facilitate sustainable development is paramount for the researching world because the survival of the planet is at stake. Thus, optimizing the energy efficiency of wireless communications not only reduces environmental impact, but also cuts overall network costs and helps make communication more practical and affordable in a pervasive setting. This paper is focused on a solution to enhance the energy efficiency in outdoor wireless local area networks using the standard IEEE 802.11b/g. So, from a previous study about the weather¿s impact on the number of control frame errors and retransmissions, we propose a green cognitive algorithm that adapts wireless transmissions to the channel conditions caused by the weather. The goal is to reduce retransmissions and control errors in order to save energy and to enhance network performance. Our proposal is based on a mathematical analysis in which we see how the frame error rate is related to the power consumption according to the modulation scheme and data rate used by transmitters. Finally, several simulations show that the green cognitive algorithm presented in this paper involves significant energy savings for outdoors WLANs.