Photochemical reactions of halogenated aromatic 1,3-diketones in solution studied by steady state, one- and two-color laser flash photolyses

Autores UPV
Revista Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences


Photochemical processes of 4-tert-butyl-4'-methoxydibenzoylmethane (Avobenzone, AB), 4-phenylbenzoylbenzoyl-, 4-phenylbenzoyl-2'-furanyl- and 4-phenylbenzoyl-2'-thenoylmethanes (PB@Ph, PB@F and PB@T, respectively) substituted with Br and Cl at the C2 position were studied by stationary and laser flash photolyses in solution. The absorption spectral features showed that the molecular structures of the halogenated diketones are in the keto forms while those of halogen-free diketones are in the enol forms. The excited singlet and triplet state energies were determined from the absorption and emission spectra. From the absorption spectral changes upon steady state photolysis of brominated diketones in ethanol, the corresponding halogen-free diketones were formed due to Br elimination being the major photochemical process. The determined quantum yields for the formation of the halogen-free diketones were independent of the amount of dissolved oxygen, indicating that the elimination process is an event in the excited singlet (S-1) states. In contrast, from the observed absorption spectra obtained upon photolysis of chlorinated AB and PB@Ph, it was inferred that Norrish type I is the major photochemical reaction in the S-1 states in acetonitrile. Chlorinated PB@F and PB@T were found to undergo Cl elimination in the S-1 states in cyclohexane to form the corresponding halogen-free diketones. Laser photolysis studies of brominated AB in acetonitrile and ethanol provided a transient absorption spectrum ascribable to the Avobenzone radical (ABR) produced by debromination as the initial intermediate, followed by the AB formation in ethanol. The quenching rate constant of ABR by ethanol and the quantum yield of the AB formation via ABR were determined. These observations provided evidence that H-atom abstraction of ABR from ethanol is responsible for the AB formation. Conversely, laser flash photolysis of brominated and chlorinated PB@Ph, PB@F and PB@T demonstrated the formation of the triplet-triplet absorption spectra. No chemical reactions were found to occur in the triplet (T-1) states. Two-color two-laser photolysis studies were carried out on the T-1 state of chlorinated PB@Ph, PB@F and PB@T, resulting in the formation of the corresponding halogen-free diketones. These observations confirmed the occurrence of Cl elimination in the highly excited triplet (T-n, n >= 2) states. Based on the computed bond dissociation energies for the C-halogen and C-C bonds, switching mechanisms of dehalogenation and alpha-cleavage were discussed.